2018年5月21日 星期一

bot, Twitter Bots Helped Trump and Brexit Win, Fake Followers, maybot/Maybot


Twitter bots may have altered the outcome of two of the world’s most consequential elections in recent years.
They played a small but potentially decisive role, researchers say.
BLOOMBERG.COM

New York Attorney General to Investigate Firm That Sells Fake Followers
By NICHOLAS CONFESSORE
The company, Devumi, sold at least 55,000 Twitter bots that used personal information taken from real people.

"With her batteries running on empty, the Maybot spluttered to a halt. Philip stepped forward to push her back inside No 10. Larry the cat was already on the phone to his therapist. Three owners in a year would play havoc with his abandonment issues."

Politics sketch: Deep in her malfunctioning circuits, the PM is sure the last few weeks never happened and she didn’t blow a huge lead
THEGUARDIAN.COM



An Internet Bot, also known as web robotWWW robot or simply bot, is a software application that runs automated tasks (scripts) over the Internet.[1] Typically, bots perform tasks that are both simple and structurally repetitive, at a much higher rate than would be possible for a human alone. The largest use of bots is in web spidering (web crawler), in which an automated script fetches, analyzes and files information from web servers at many times the speed of a human. More than half of all web traffic is made up of bots.[2]
Efforts by servers hosting websites to counteract bots vary. Servers may choose to outline rules on the behaviour of internet bots by implementing a robots.txt file: this file is simply text stating the rules governing a bot's behaviour on that server. Any bot interacting with (or 'spidering') any server that does not follow these rules should, in theory, be denied access to, or removed from, the affected website. If the only rule implementation by a server is a posted text file with no associated program/software/app, then adhering to those rules is entirely voluntary – in reality there is no way to enforce those rules, or even to ensure that a bot's creator or implementer acknowledges, or even reads, the robots.txt file contents. Some bots are "good" – e.g. search engine spiders – while others can be used to launch malicious and harsh attacks, most notably, in political campaigns.[2]





A robot that is currently in the role of Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland.

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