Most of the period rooms will have touch screens so that visitors can learn more about a piece of furniture or an object. Rather than getting a full image of what is selected, however, only a silhouette will appear.
剪影（法語：silhouette）是一種將人事物以單色描繪（以黑色為主），凸顯輪廓的藝術圖像，或指剪影藝術本身，可屬一種視覺藝術，剪影被運用在各種方面。The word silhouette is derived from the name of Étienne de Silhouette, a French finance minister who, in 1759, was forced by France's credit crisis during the Seven Years' War to impose severe economic demands upon the French people, particularly the wealthy.Because of de Silhouette's austere economies, his name became synonymous with anything done or made cheaply and so with these outline portraits. Prior to the advent of photography, silhouette profiles cut from black card were the cheapest way of recording a person's appearance.
The term silhouette, although existing from the 18th century, was not applied to the art of portrait-making until the 19th century. In the 18th and early 19th century, “profiles” or “shades” as they were called were made by one of three methods:
- painted on ivory, plaster, paper, card, or in reverse on glass;
- “hollow-cut” where the negative image was traced and then cut away from light colored paper which was then laid atop a dark background; and
- “cut and paste” where the figure was cut out of dark paper (usually free-hand) and then pasted onto a light background.
━━ n., vt. シルエット（に描く）, 影絵; 輪郭.