Established in 1516, the Venetian ghetto brought together different Jewish traditions and produced five synagogues. The development of this rich, hybrid cultural life was made even more varied by contact with the surrounding Christians
Early 17th century: perhaps from Italian getto 'foundry' (because the first ghetto was established in 1516 on the site of a foundry in Venice), or from Italian borghetto, diminutive of borgo 'borough'.
Italian getto ‘a foundry’ is probably the source of this word for a part of a city, especially a slum area, occupied by a minority group. The first ghetto was established in 1516 on the site of a foundry in Venice. Alternatively, it may come from Italian borghetto, meaning ‘a little borough’. In Italy the word referred to the quarter of a city to which Jews were restricted, a use that became more widespread elsewhere, as in the Warsaw ghetto.